In the Name of Allah the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful

The Original Treatise [The Status and Rights of Women in Islam]

Collected Works of The Muslim Shiite Scholar and Thinker: Allāma Hājj Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Husaynī Tihrānī




God has lifted the burden of toilsome duties and heavy tasks from women’s shoulders.


Subject of the Book : Womem's Status in Society


■ On what basis is each creature’s right determined in the order of Creation?

■ How is the type of activity (division of labor) in society determined for each individual?

■ What activities are not consistent with women’s spirits and cause them to be ruined?


Originally written in Arabic, this treatise is an interpretation of the āyah, ﴾Men are managers of women﴿ (Al-Qur’an, 4:34) in which syllogistic lectures are presented concerning women’s jihād (holy war), judgment, and rule; philosophy of the right of men and women; meaning of equality in the right of men and women; limits of women’s participation in jihād; traditions and the scholars’ consensus on the impermissibility of holding official and judiciary posts by women; and impermissibility of women’s membership in consultative assembly.
This volume contains exegetical, narrational, legal, scientific, and social material in which relevant discussions are also made concerning the Rule of Juristconsultant (wilāyat-i faqīh).
Since this treatise is a novel exposition of its kind that explains the misconceptions and delusions about women’s jihād, judgment, and rule, it was rendered into Persian by some scholars to be used by the general readers.

Excerpts from the book:

• In the natural hierarchy of being no creature’s right has been violated.

• Justice lies in observing the capacity of each creature; hence, expectance of equality is wrong.

• Women’s primary right is to avoid from heavy and troublesome tasks, rather than being banned from them.

• Assigning women to rulership (hukūma), judgment, and deputyship is injustice to them and to the society as well.


Persian & Arabic full text


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