In the Name of Allah the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful

Imamology, Lesson 18: The Imam is a ‘united-with-the Unity-Status Human and the Qur’an is a guidance by the Imam

Collected Works of The Muslim Shiite Scholar and Thinker: Allāma Hājj Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Husaynī Tihrānī


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Lesson Eighteen: The Imam is a ‘united-with-the Unity-Status Human and the Qur’an is a guidance by the Imam


In the Name of Allah, the most Compassionate, the most Merciful

And bless be upon Muhammad and his pure Household, and may Allah's curse be on his enemies from now until the Day of Resurrection! And there is no power or strength except for the Lofty Glorious Allah.


The Wise Allah has stated in His Glorious Book:


يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ أَطِيعُواْ اللّهَ وَأَطِيعُواْ الرَّسُولَ وَأُوْلِي الأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ فَإِن تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِن كُنتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا [1]


'…O you who believe, obey Allah, and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. Then if you have any dispute over anything, refer to Allah and the Messenger if you believe in Allah and the Last Day – for that is better and becoming in the end, (Qur’an: 4/59).’


The Imam is a guide who leads man to the perfect and the highest apex of the Unity and the status of insight, and as the man has been created with truth, an Imam must also be a true guide to lead man to that state, otherwise, he who lacks this quality and is below this Divine-giving knowledge, he is unfortunate of this bliss.

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The entire creation, including men, is based on truth


مَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ [2]

‘… We have not created the heavens and the earth and whatever between them is except for the truth, (Qur’an: 46/3).’

وَمَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاء وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا بَاطِلًا ذَلِكَ ظَنُّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَوَيْلٌ لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا [3]

 ‘… and We have not created the sky and the earth and whatever between them is in vain, that is the opinion of those who disbelieve, (Qur’an: 38/27).’

These verses prove that the creation is not vain and meaningless, that is, everything has been created in the right way; there is no exception in this fact. All these creatures and the world of creation are based on the fact and right calculation; from the tiniest existing to the largest ones, either alive or the dismals are within the boundary of this fact. Man, who is a part of the creatures, has also been created the same. Allah has created man with the truth with his nature inclining on the Unity; as He states:


فأَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفًا فِطْرَةَ اللَّهِ الَّتِي فَطَرَ النَّاسَ عَلَيْهَا لَا تَبْدِيلَ لِخَلْقِ اللَّهِ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ [4]

‘…So keep your face faithfully toward this [true] religion, Allah has created the nature of man’s soul with full tendency and love for the Divine Unity. There is no alteration in Allah's creation. This is the correct religion, though most men do not know, (Qur’an: 30/30).’

Man has perception, understanding, instincts and attributions which all of them spring out from the Unity. Allah has created man on the basis of perception and understanding the truth, and He has made his heart the storehouse of His secrets.

‘Unity’ means considering Allah the Unique in all aspects of beings: nature, attributions and the manifestations of the existing world. The entire beings are connected to His Essence. There is no administration in the sky or earth or even between them except the Administration of His, nor is any power except His power, and nor the existing knowledge but His Knowledge. There is no a insignificant particle on its own, and nor is an independent taint away from the boundary of the Essence of Holiness Unity.

Therefore, as the whole world relies on this basis, Allah has created man to comprehend this significance, to achieve knowledge and to understand the fact; and He has assigned a soaring force in the mind of man to ascend to that Court. This is the very truth and nature is giving only to man.

On the other hand, we know that Allah has created every creature in the perfect way, that is, there is no defect in His creation; as He states:

الَّذِي أَحْسَنَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقَهُ وَبَدَأَ خَلْقَ الْإِنسَانِ مِن طِينٍ[5]

‘… Who originated in the finest way whatever He created, and began the creation of man from clay, (Qur’an: 32/7).’

And despite his perfect creation, He guides every creature to the perfection.


قَالَ فَمَن رَّبُّكُمَا يَا مُوسَى ﴿49 قَالَ رَبُّنَا الَّذِي أَعْطَى كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلْقَهُ ثُمَّ هَدَى [6]

[Pharaoh] said, ‘O Moses, who is your Lord?’

He said, ‘Our Lord is One Who has created man and guided him, (Qur’an: 20/49-50).’

To his question, Moses said: ‘Our Lord is He Who has giving to every creature whatever is necessary for its creation the completion and then He guides it towards the perfection. Among these countless existing, which all have been created in complete and are on motion towards the destination, the human being have also been created on the basis of the Divine Nature and the Essence of Unity, therefore, man must be guided towards the perfection and to reveal his dormant talents. If he moves on the straight path, he reaches to his destination but if he is in dilemma or in wonder then like a homeless bird in the stormy weather, thunderclaps and lightings he hits himself here and there until he banishes. He ruins himself before using his talent and demonstrating the God-given instincts of his. It has been stated:

 يَا أَيُّهَا الْإِنسَانُ إِنَّكَ كَادِحٌ إِلَى رَبِّكَ كَدْحًا فَمُلَاقِيهِ﴿6 فَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ﴿7 فَسَوْفَ يُحَاسَبُ حِسَابًا يَسِيرًا﴿8 وَيَنقَلِبُ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ مَسْرُورًا﴿9 وَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ وَرَاء ظَهْرِهِ﴿10 فَسَوْفَ يَدْعُو ثُبُورًا﴿11 وَيَصْلَى سَعِيرًا. [7]

‘… O man, you are indeed labouring toward your Lord, and you will encounter Him! 

- Then for him who is given his book in his right hand,

- will surely have an easy reckoning, 

- and he will cheerfully return to his folk. 

- But whoso is given his book from behind his back, 

- he will wail and appeal to be blotted out and will burn in the Blaze, (Qur’an: 84/6-13).’

Thus, a man must be educated and trained in the best way so that to reach the perfection; and that is why the Qur’an has been sent down with the truth; as it is stated: 

اللَّهُ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ وَالْمِيزَانَ [8]

 ‘… Allah is the One Who sent down this Book with truth along with [a true] Balance, (Qur’an: 42/17).’

And Allah has assigned the Holiness Messenger of His with the truth and the right religion:

هُوَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلَ رَسُولَهُ بِالْهُدَى وَدِينِ الْحَقِّ [9]

‘… It is He Who has sent His Messenger with the guidance and the religion of truth, (Qur’an: 61/9).’

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The rules of the religion are based on the Monotheism

That is, the religion of the Messenger of Allah is right and there is no fault or vain in it. It can answer the need of every individual and lead them all to the true perfection and the Monotheism.

Islam is the religion of the Monotheism, that is, all the morale and the scientific instructions of it are based on the Monotheism, its main source is the Unity and leads the rules to the Monotheism. Therefore, these rules have been sent down on the basis of Monotheism, and if they are put in practice their effects reach the Monotheism.

It is similar to the world’s rules and the different parties parliamentarians from which each party receives guidance and then becomes the royal agent of the same party. If one abides by a certain party then he will be lead to the chief figures in his party.

Islam is also alike those parties, but it receives the order directly from the Monotheism. Monotheism means that everything, that is everything without exception, is in the hand of Allah, and He has power and authority upon everything – He is in such a state that no one considers anything to be parallel to Him. All the rules of Islam are based on this fact.

A real Muslim, abiding by these rules, considers himself to be connected to the whole world; therefore, he does not abort anything. He is always friendly with the people, he tries to associate with everyone, and he finds it his duty to visit his blood-tides as well as the patients. He looks after the needy and becomes friendly with the poor and the destitute, he donates and spends on the charities, and he enjoys doing thousands of good works which bring comfort and happiness to the society – it is then one thinks that he has been connected to the Main Source of Being.

Therefore, we see that the rules of jihad have been closely connected to the prayers. Jihad is based on voluntarily guiding the strayed people, but not misleading them, or attacking them and plundering their properties – so, there is no aggression in the rules of Islam. On the whole, there is nothing as mercilessness, injustice, killing the females [and saving the males], setting the trees on fire and avoiding the water to reach to the thirsty people; and deliberately poisoning the people.

It is just because jihad is guiding the people but not hurting them for one’s own benefit. Jihad is a prayer similar to the daily incumbent prayers.

The marriage and divorce, which oppose each other, are quite familiar. In the Holy Qur’an, the rules of divorce have so nicely been stated that, if it is carried out according to the rules, it is actually an honor and blessing.

In the Holy Qur’an, it is stated that one must either keep his wife in the most descent manner or, if he wants to separate, divorce her in the best way one must not depress his wife when divorcing her. He has to pay her due marriage-portion right away. He must pay it to her even if it is a full cow-hide gold coins and jeweler – he must not hold back a single dirham of that, nor should he injure her feelings. In fact, the divorce is a kind of mercifulness and durable friendship.

It is obvious that in Islam every good act which leads a man to the mercifulness, friendship and kindness has been emphasized. On the other hand, one is avoided doing the opposite: causing angers among the people, bringing enmity, separating the community of the people, finding faults with the people, gossiping and backbiting, using bad language in the presence and behind the people.

Islam says: a Muslim must have a favourable opinion and to view everything favourably, that is, to consider every single thing that has connection with Allah Who is the Source the Unity. A Muslim must have affection to the individuals, he shouldn’t be proud, and to give out of his wealth to the poor and the destitute people. He must not pile up gold and silver, and not to be worldly; he must labour and give away of the product of his to the needy for the sake of Allah. All these rules and commands are mercifulness and have been sent down from the Monotheism, they have been taken into practice in life.

If one practices them in his life, they will raise him upward to his original source. It is contrary to the non-Islamic rules which are based on prudes, selfishness and success. Those rules lead one to division; they disconnect one from this world. Whoever thinks that he is separated from this world he has to toil to support himself – though it is inconsistent with the being.

It is the same in the developing countries, the people in those countries are after their own benefit; they do not care the poor people in the under-developed countries. Their aims are just their own success and thus they disconnect themselves from this world. It is stated:

مُنِيبِينَ إِلَيْهِ وَاتَّقُوهُ وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَلَا تَكُونُوا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ﴿31 مِنَ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُوا دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُوا شِيَعًا كُلُّ حِزْبٍ بِمَا لَدَيْهِمْ فَرِحُونَ [10]

‘… Turn to Him in repentance; be heedful of Him and keep up prayer, and do not be of those who associate; of those who divided the principles of their religion and formed sects; each faction being happy with what it possessed, (Qur’an: 30/31-32).’

It is said in Islam to take off your based-on-two-genuflections covering and set out towards Allah altogether, and avoid whatever takes you away from the Monotheism. To reach this stage, you should establish prayer and be not of those disbelievers who have built their rules on disunion and have been separated into numerous factions.

The belief of this Orthodox Religion is that only Allah is ‘the Doer of whatever He wills’ and He is introduced as ‘the most Effective, the main Guardian and the Complementary’; and then, the entire beings are the effect of Allah and are under His direct control. Due to their school of belief, which is not base on the Unity, they believe that man is effective and has his own authority in his hand.

Polytheism, no matter how great or little it may be, is creating a partner to Allah, and it is there that the monotheism becomes more effective. When man relies on his deeds then he considers that Allah is less effective in his affairs – being negligent of Allah has also the same effect and result.

For guiding and directing the creatures to move towards the truth and the facts of the universe, which all are in the control of the Unity, He states:

أَلَكُمُ الذَّكَرُ وَلَهُ الْأُنثَى﴿21 تِلْكَ إِذًا قِسْمَةٌ ضِيزَى﴿22 إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا أَسْمَاء سَمَّيْتُمُوهَا أَنتُمْ وَآبَاؤُكُم مَّا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ بِهَا مِن سُلْطَانٍ إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَمَا تَهْوَى الْأَنفُسُ وَلَقَدْ جَاءهُم مِّن رَّبِّهِمُ الْهُدَى [11]

 ‘… Does the outcome of an action belong to you but the reaction of that is His?  

That would then be an unfair attribution!                               

These names are but only titles which you and your forefathers have given to them [they are baseless]; Allah has not sent down any authority for them. They merely follow conjecture and something their souls fancy. Yet guidance has already reached them from their Lord, (Qur’an: 53/21-23).’

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The Qur'an, through the Imam, is the guide of human

Therefore, whoever has reached the stage of the reality, Monotheism and certainty, in fact, he has reached the state of the humanity; but if he has not yet attained that ideal desire, he has fallen behind, is defective and needs to be educated, guided and directed in his way of thinking – for a half-knowledge man cannot support himself let alone to guide the others, to become a leader and lead the people to perfection.

They meaning of the religion is not picking up and practicing a single action out of the whole and then saying:

كفانا كتاب اللهِ

‘… The Book of Allah is enough for us.’

 The Holy Qur’an alone cannot be a guide for a man with little knowledge and unaware of the glad-tidings of the Qur’an!

It is but the instructor and the teacher of the Qur’an, and the most Gnostic in the base and the source of the commands, and most aware of the interests and mischief who knows the sense of it. As He has stated:

 ثُمَّ جَعَلْنَاكَ عَلَى شَرِيعَةٍ مِّنَ الْأَمْرِ فَاتَّبِعْهَا وَلَا تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَاء الَّذِينَ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ﴿18 إِنَّهُمْ لَن يُغْنُوا عَنكَ مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيئًا وإِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاء بَعْضٍ وَاللَّهُ وَلِيُّ الْمُتَّقِينَ [12]

‘… Then We appointed you, (Prophet), upon a highroad of the command [of Allah]; so follow along it and do not follow the desires of those who do not know.

They [can] never help you against Allah; for indeed the wrongdoers are allies of one another, while Allah is the protector of the God-fearing, (Qur’an: 45/18-19).’

 The Imam can stand by a man and then lead him to the absolute truth. And now, as it is understood that the creation of the heaven and the earth, and also the creation of the human race as well as the revelation of the Qur’an and the Messenger of Allah are all based on the Truth, therefore, man must find his way to the Truth and set out towards it until reaching the Monotheism.

So, the question is that: is it possible to cover this distance course without the assistance of the Leader, (the Imam)? By the way, has the training and the instruction taken away after the demise of the Messenger of Allah?! And was the favour of Allah towards His creature only at the time of the Messenger, then after his passing away, Allah left His creatures on their own wondering in the blind allies? Is the name and the nature of the Messenger enough to direct man to the destination of perfection after the demise of the Messenger? Is there not a need for an aware and certain man as Imam to guide the people? Are the instructions of the Qur’an, for the half-knowledge and even the unlearned people, enough to guide them to the main Source of the Truth? Can the external good deeds: prayer, and fating; rightfulness and avoiding the theft lead one to his ideal destination?

It is said that in some lands, such as Switzerland, people never lie, they do not steal things and nor do they betray …

It is true that a man mostly behaves according to his previous training and education ground; but the problem is that this kind of behaving is related to one’s field of education but not by his sense and the piety. [13]

I have personally witnessed in some villages, when early morning a shepherd was leading the cattle to the field to graze, when he passed a house some regular sheep left the house going the cattle, and later in the evening, when the shepherd was drawing the cattle back to the village, each sheep left the cattle and entered the house through the gate it had left in the morning.

It is obvious that this kind of habit has grown in the animal by habit which is not needed to be praised.

A good tape-recorder receives the sound and then without any interference it repeats the sound back; however, this kind of process needs not to be praised and appreciated. A European, whose training is not based on the Monotheism, mercifulness and generosity, then his rightfulness and more or less of his justification, is based on his previous training and habit – so is it worth to be praised?

A European laborer, who goes to work early morning and supposedly works all through the day without being supervised by the head workmen, how much he senses of the facts and the real humanity?

Nowadays, machines automatically work without the interference of the manpower set upon them, and they produce goods safe and sound. Then, after a certain amount of delivering goods, they automatically turn off and stop operating.  Now, do these machines deserve being praised and appreciated for their superb and regular working? The workers, who are controlling those machines, are the same. The workers who are controlling the machines are the same. They have been trained and educated to carry out a certain job they are given to work on, therefore, they must be considered a the robots! Although they do their work in the best way possible, they have senses to think of the existence and the fact of humanity! They are lacking of the signs of the Fact and the Monotheism, they are like inanimate objects and are manipulated by the others. As the sources of man is created on the basis of temperament, therefore, his motion towards the perfection is something else; attaining the higher degrees of knowing and awareness, and finding the Divine Secrets and making out the fact and reality from the false and incorrect is different from being as the inanimate object.   

Man must the stages towards the Monotheism, so apart from the Messenger, who is to lead the people to such stages? He teacher who knows not more than the simple basic mathematics then how can he teach his students the most progressive mathematics? And how can he teach the most intricate accounts of the space? This is absolutely impossible; no matter how hard he tries he cannot teach his students beyond his own limited knowledge. Therefore, how can a devil company, who is nothing about the Divinity, lead the people to the perfection and Unity? This is entirely unfeasible, it must be said that: either the desire of Allah is not to care the guidance of the people, which is not right because the entire being: the heaven and the earth and whatever between them exists have been created on fact and truth; or it must be said: they are not on their own, vain and meaningless, they need a guide and leader to lead them to the perfection. In this case, the leader must be the most perfect so as to be able to guide the people. The result of our discussion is that the main religion is the true laws of that religion; and the sending of the Messenger is also based on this fact.

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The position of the Imamate is only for the most sincere servants of Allah

It is so with the appointment of the Imam, and the Leader possessing the highest status, and the teacher and trainer of the people with the highest degree in humanity and with the God-giving faculties; and having the highest sense of rightfulness and Unity – all these have the same root. However, when one has not reached the state of the Unity and the highest degree of the humanity, it means, Satan has not let him on his own, his situation is not yet clear. He is still in the darkness part of disbelief, he himself has not found his right way in certain; he has not been corrected. With his false desires, he superficially kept his belief but he has not examined to see at what degree his belief is. He has been the captive of his desires so he cannot make a good teacher. Thus, it is stated:

فَاجْتَنِبُوا الرِّجْسَ مِنَ الْأَوْثَانِ وَاجْتَنِبُوا قَوْلَ الزُّورِ﴿30 حُنَفَاء لِلَّهِ غَيْرَ مُشْرِكِينَ بِهِ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَكَأَنَّمَا خَرَّ مِنَ السَّمَاء فَتَخْطَفُهُ الطَّيْرُ أَوْ تَهْوِي بِهِ الرِّيحُ فِي مَكَانٍ سَحِيقٍ [14]

‘… So avoid the filth of idols (the spirit of lasciviousness) and refrain from false speech, being faithful to Allah, and not associating any ally with Him. In addition, anyone who ascribes partners to Allah, as if he had fallen out of the sky and the birds had snatched him away, or the wind had blown him to some far off place, (Qur’an: 22/30-31).’

A man who has not reached the stage of perfection and he is still captive in his internal desires, and he has not found a way out from the darkness of his aspirations to reach the open world with the full of brightness, as it is stated:

اِرجِعي اِلي ربِّك راضِيةً

Turn to your Lord with satisfaction;

فَادخلي في عِبادي وادخلي جنّتي

So join to My obedient worshippers, and enter My paradise.

Even if such a person attains the highest position in life he is still plunged into the deep darkness and disbelief. He always encounters difficulties and he is afraid of any minor disasters: thunderbolt, quacks, famine, love of wealth and children; he life gets more difficult day by day until he reaches the blind end and ruins himself, as it is stated:

وَلاَ يَزَالُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ تُصِيبُهُم بِمَا صَنَعُواْ قَارِعَةٌ أَوْ تَحُلُّ قَرِيبًا مِّن دَارِهِمْ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَ وَعْدُ اللّهِ إِنَّ اللّهَ لاَ يُخْلِفُ الْمِيعَادَ [15]

Disaster will continually afflict those who disbelieve because of what they produce, or it will settle down close to their home until the permission of Allah comes true. Surely Allah does not break the appointment [of His], (Qur’an: 13/31).’ 

So how can a man who is always in the panic of the unseen disasters and with the endless desires and aspirations in his heart, and the army of the devil manipulating his thoughts give any help to the people? Can he be a leader to see to the weakness points of the nation and guide them to the real perfection?

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Abu Bakr’s confession of his weakness

Abu Ghutaiba Dinawari, who was one of the greatest scholars and the public figure and almost all the Sunnite admit his dignity, says: ‘After the demise of the Messenger of Allah, Abu Bakr ascended the pulpit of Prophet and uttered this sermon:

ولقد ولِّيت أمراً عظيماً مالي بِهِ طاقةٌ، ولوِدت أن وجدت أقوي النّاسِ عليهِ مكاني، فأطيعوني ما أطعت الله فأذا عصيت فلا طاعة لي عليكم. ثمّ بكي و قال: إعلموا أيّها النّاس أنّي لم اجعل لِهذا المكانِ أن أكون خيركم ولودِدت أنّ بعضكم كفانيهِ ولإن اخذتموني بِما كان الله يقيم بِهِ مِن الوحيِ ما كان ذالِك عندي و ما أنا إلّا كاحدِكم، فإذا رأيتموني قدِستقمت فاتّبِعوني وإن زغت فقوِّموني. واعلموا أنّ شيطاناً يعتريني أحياناً فإذا رأيتموني عصيت فاجتنِبوني، لا اؤثِّر في أشعارِكم وأبشارِكم، ثّم نزل. [16]

‘[O people,] I have taking a great affair and responsibility  which I cannot fulfill it, I would like to  find the most powerful people in my shoes, so you follow me as long as I am obeying Allah, however when I committed a sin then you do not obey me. Then he cried and said: O people know that I did not occupy this place to say that I am the best one among you; I would like someone among you to support me. It is because if you ask me for something, or bring a question to me, I am void of knowledge to answer it, so there must be someone with me with the Divine knowledge to answer it.  Therefore, if you consider me rightful and deserving this position, obey me but if you notice that I am moving off the course, do correct me.

And o people, know that there is always a devil beside me who sometimes dominates me, whenever you see that I disobey Allah, you should know that the devil has touch me to follow him instead of Allah therefore, right then you must stop obeying me – I do not put any effect on you, neither in your hair nor in your skin.’

When he was unable in answering the people’s questions he would say:

 ساقول فيها بِرأيي [17]

‘I will let you know my opinion in the future.’

And whenever he was tired and couldn’t solve a problem, he would say:

أيِّ سماءٍ تظلّني؟  [18]

‘Which sky is going to cast shadow on me and to release me from this hardship?’

How such a person who confesses that he has not been yet released from the devil and the spirit of lasciviousness, now and then he commits sins, and from time to time Satan embraces him, can carry on the task of the Imamate?

He has not only made the weak and common people among the nation pay homage to him but he has drawn the attentions of the great men such as: Salman, Abuzar, Ammar, Meqdad, Hudaifa and Habir bin Abdullah Absari, as well as the greatest status of the Commander of the believers to obey him! He makes them follow him and carry out his commands, then whoever stands against him, he orders Omar to fight and kill them; and he says:

فإن أبوا فقاتِلهم [19]

‘If they do not pay homage to us, and not surrender, then fight them without any conditions.

Although he knows it quite well that the Commander of the believers is the kernel of the Islam life and the blissful guide of the nation.

The Commander of the believers has said:

أما و اللهِ لقد تقمصها ابنِ أبي قحافة و إنّه ليعلم أن محلّي مِنها محلّ القطبِ مِن الرّحى ينحدِر عنّيِ السّيل و لا يرقى إليّ الطّير. [20]

‘By Allah, the son of Abu Ghohafa has put the garment of the Caliphate on, though he knew that, comparing to him , I am at much higher position and so am I the cloud for the blissful rain, not a highest flying bird can fly over my head.’

Here, the Holiness says that he knew a millstone without the axis could not run; then when running idle, the stones would wear out and they not only cannot break the wheat into pieces but damage the life of the miller.

It is so stated:

أًمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِينَ اجْتَرَحُوا السَّيِّئَاتِ أّن نَّجْعَلَهُمْ كَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَوَاء مَّحْيَاهُم وَمَمَاتُهُمْ سَاء مَا يَحْكُمُونَ [21]

    أَمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ السَّيِّئَاتِ أَن يَسْبِقُونَا سَاء مَا يَحْكُمُونَ [22]

 وَلاَ يَحْسَبَنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ سَبَقُواْ إِنَّهُمْ لاَ يُعْجِزُونَ [23]

Do those who commit evil deeds think that We will treat them like those who believe and perform eminent actions – just as if their mode of living and their way of dying were equivalent? How evil their Judgement is, (Qur’an: 45/21)!’

Do those who commit evil deeds reckon that they will get ahead of Us? What a bad judgment, (Qur’an: 29/4)!’

Do those who commit evil deeds reckon that they will get ahead of Us? What a bad judgment, (Qur’an: 8/59)!’

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[1] Surah 4, "نساء", Verse 59.
[2] Surah 46, "احقاف", Verse 3.
[3] Surah 38, "ص", Verse 27.
[4] Surah 30, "روم", Verses 30.
Surah 32, "سجده", Verse 7.
Surah 20, "طه", Verse 49-50.

[7] Surah 84, "انشقاق", Verses 6-13.
[8] Surah 42, "شوری", Verse 17.
[9] Surah 61, "صف", Verse 9.
[10] Surah 30, "روم", Verses 31-32.
[11] Surah 53, "نجم", Verses 21-23.
[12] Surah 45, "جاثیه", Verse 18.
[14] Surah 22, "حج", Verses 30-31.

Surah 13, "رعد", Verse 31.

[16]"الامامة و السياسية", volume 1, page 16; and Abu Bakr's sermon has been mentioned with different phrases in this book , pages 157 and 158.
"مسند احمد "
, volume 1, page 11, reference "الغدير ", volume 7, page 118.
"مسند احمد "
, volume 1, page 11, and "الرياض النضرة", volume 1, page 177, refer to"الغدير ", volume 7, page 118.
"عبدالله بن سبا", page 18, quoting ibn Abdorbe and Abi al-Feda.
Nahj-ul-Balagha, Feiz-ul-Islam, the sermon of Shigh'shighyya, page 46.
[21] Surah 45, "جاثیه", Verse 21.
Surah 29, "عنکبوت", Verse 4.
Surah 8, "انفال", Verse 59.

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